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FIRST TIME WORKING WITH METAL?
NEVER PURCHASED METAL FROM A SUPPLIER BEFORE?
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How we sell metal
WE KNOW IT CAN BE A LITTLE INTIMIDATING COMING INTO A METAL SUPPLIER FOR THE 1ST TIME!

THIS FAQ WILL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND HOW METAL IS SOLD & AT WHAT MINIMUM LENGTHS THEY COME

WE ALSO HAVE PROVIDED SOME LINKS TO SITES THAT GIVE SPECIFIC INFORMATION ON
STANDARD SIZES AND VARIOUS METAL GRADES


HOW WE SELL METAL

WE ONLY SELL MATERIAL - WE DO NOT FABRICATE OR INSTALL ANY PROJECTS

  • ​WE SELL OUR PRIME MATERIALS IN FULL OR HALF PIECES

    • IF THE MATERIAL IS NOT ALREADY CUT, YOU WILL BE REQUIRED TO PAY FOR THE CUTTING NEEDED TO MAKE IT INTO THE HALF PIECE

    • EXAMPLE - 3" x 3" x .120" STEEL TUBE - 20' COULD BE SOLD AS (2) 10' PIECES 

  • IN THE CASE OF SHEET MATERIAL - THE HALF IS ON THE LONG EDGE​​​

    • EXAMPLE - A 48"x 96" SHEET OF STEEL COULD BE SOLD AS A (2) 48" x 48" PIECES​

      • IN THE CASE OF THIS SHEET EXAMPLE, YOU WOULD NEED TO PAY AN ADDITIONAL $20 FOR 1 SHEAR CUT.

    • A HALF PIECE IS 1/2 THE COST OF A FULL PIECE.

    • WE DO NOT CUT SHEETS IN HALF ALONG THE SHORT EDGE

    • WE CAN'T CUT A 48" x 96" SHEET INTO (2) 24" X 96" PIECES

    • IF YOU NEED THIS KIND OF CUT, YOU WILL BE EXPECTED TO PAY FOR THE WHOLE SHEET

  • UNFORTUNATELY, WE CAN'T GIVE ADVICE ON HOW TO BUILD OR FABRICATE YOUR PROJECT
  • THE GOOD NEWS IS THERE ARE A NUMBER OF WEBSITES THAT CAN GIVE YOU GOOD INFORMATION ON WHAT TYPES OF METALS ARE OUT THERE AND WHAT THEIR FUNCTIONS ARE
SOME GOOD WEBSITES TO FIND METALS INFORMATION & CALCULATIONS
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Websites

METALS EDUCATION
Steel University



 

Metl Std Sizes
STANDARD SIZES & LENGTHS IN METAL
GENERALLY, WHEN YOU BUY METAL TUBES, FLAT BARS, ANGLES, CHANNELS, & I-BEAMS THE SHIPPED
LENGTHS ARE IN 20 FT FROM THE MILL DEPENDING ON THE MATERIAL BEING PURCHASED
  • STEEL TUBE IS GENERALLY SOLD IN 20 FT LENGTHS - OCCASIONALLY 24 FT & 40 FT OR LONGER
  • THE DIMENSIONAL SIZE OF TUBE STEEL IS MEASURED FROM THE OUTSIDE EDGE TO THE OUTSIDE EDGE AND THE THICKNESS GROWS TO THE INSIDE​​​
    • EXAMPLE - 2"x 2" x 1/4" THICK TUBE HAS AN OUTSIDE DIAMETER OF 2" x 2" AND AN INSIDE DIAMETER OF 1-1/2"​
      • 1/4" WALL THICKNESS + 1-1/2" OPEN SPACE + 1/4" WALL THICKNESS = 2"​​
 
 
 
  • STEEL PIPE IS GENERALLY SOLD EITHER IN 21 FT OR 24 FT LENGTHS. THE DIMENSIONAL SIZE IS MEASURED FROM THE INSIDE DIAMETER AND THE WALL THICKNESS IS MEASURED IN "SCHEDULE" - SCH 40 BEING THE MOST COMMON. THE SCHEDULE THICKNESS IN PIPE IS DETERMINED BY THE PIPE BURSTING PRESSURE.

  • EXAMPLE - 2" SCH 40 PIPE HAS AN ACTUAL OUTSIDE DIAMETER OF 2-3/8" AND A THEORETICAL INSIDE DIAMETER OF 1.939" OR ABOUT 1-15/16" & IS APPROXIMATELY .218" OR 7/32" THICK

 

 

  • CHANNELS & I-BEAMS HAVE A LOT OF DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS THAT MAKE UP THEIR SIZE. THE INDUSTRY CALLS OUT THESE MATERIALS IN TERMS OF DEPTH IN INCHES & POUNDS PER FOOT TO SAVE TIME.

  • CHANNELS AND I-BEAMS ARE GENERALLY ORDERED IN 20' LENGTHS IN STOCK; HOWEVER, WE CAN ORDER THEM UP TO 60' IF REQUIRED.​​​​

    • EXAMPLE - CHANNEL​ - A PIECE HAS A DEPTH OF 4" - A FLANGE WIDTH OF 1.580" - AND A WEB THICKNESS OF .180" - THIS IS SIMPLIFIED TO - (4 x 5.4#)

  • EXAMPLE - I-BEAM - A PIECE HAS A DEPTH OF 6" - A FLANGE WIDTH OF 4" - AND A WEB THICKNESS OF .230" - 

    • THIS IS SIMPLIFIED TO - (6 x 12.0#)​

  • ANGLE IS GENERALLY ORDERED IN 20' LENGTHS IN STOCK, HOWEVER, WE CAN ORDER THEM IN 40' AS NEEDED.​

  • ​ANGLE IS SOLD BOTH IN EQUAL OR UNEQUAL WALL LENGTHS. ANGLE IS MEASURED FROM THE OUTSIDE EDGE TO THE ANGLE POINT.  THE THICKNESS OF THE MATERIAL IS MEASURED IN INCHES.

    • EXAMPLE - 1 LEG MEASURES 5" - 1 LEG MEASURES 3-1/2" - THICKNESS IS 1/4"​

    • 5" x 3-1/2" x 1/4"

  • FLAT BARS, SQUARE BARS, AND ROUND BARS ARE SOLD IN HOT-ROLLED STEEL IN 20' LENGTHS. MOST OTHER METALS INCLUDING COLD ROLL STEEL, 6061 ALUMINUM, STAINLESS STEEL, COPPER, & BRASS ARE GENERALLY SOLD IN 12' LENGTHS.  YOU MAY FIND SOME LARGER DIAMETER HOT-ROLL ROUND BARS SOLD IN 12' OR SHORTER LENGTH

  • YOU WILL SOMETIMES HEAR FLAT BARS CALLED 'STRIPS' OR 'STRAPS'

  • WHEN ORDERING FLAT BARS IT SHOULD BE REQUESTED AS THE THICKNESS OF THE METAL AND THEN THE WIDTH.

    • EXAMPLE - 5/8" THICK x 1-1/2" WIDE

  • WHEN ORDERING SQUARE BAR OR ROUND BAR, THE DIAMETER OR SIDE LENGTH IS ALL

    • EXAMPLE - 7/8" ROUND BAR OR 1/4" SQUARE BAR​

  • HEX BAR IS CALLED OUT BY THE DIAMETER ACROSS THE FACE OF TWO OPPOSITE FLAT SIDES.

    • EXAMPLE - 5/16" HEX BAR

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